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4.3. ac peo opo

 

acmuau upeo mopou mc poep, upee aep, cmapue aep, noouu poepo u upex aep. Kpoe oo, oepao a oycac a: epcoa p. a ypa, peceae pae, ocyapce occap Oece e peoro coea, a ae a, pcyce oopx papeeo pe coeo. aco peo opo ceye oa o pcycyx opoo ae p. pcycyx ae ycoo oo pae a ceye py:

1) aae ce;

2) opaye aee pex ceo;

3) opopye xo ee pex opo;

4) aae a eee opa.

Coca aax ce opeeec paa peo opo oe oac acoc o oo, ao ec pa opo ap.

Ha ompmo upe aam ceu oee peoo aa uem npao:

e p x pecae;

poep, apeoae a pe;

ocoe paoe ocee, oye pao a yace pex opax.

Ha apmo upe aam ceu uem npao:

e p x pecae;

poep, apeoae a pe.

Ceye opa ae a o, opaoe ocoe ocee opae cox paax a yac peo opo o cpae c ea p x pecae.

Bo-epx, coaco aooaecy ocooy ocee peocaec pao a yace pex opax a cpo e oee pex e. Bo-opx, co ocox oceee e oo pea 30\% o oeo ca eo p*. Kpoe oo, "ocoe ocee e yay oppoa ycaoo aaa ypae pe"**.

* C.: ao P " oapx pax peo oproe" o 20 epa 1992 . C. 21. . 4.

** Ta e. .3.

 

Ec oce ocee e pao a peoe ocpeeco, o paoe ocee ero e, a a o "e pao a coepee ceo oo a pea oap o coero e a co ce"*.

* Ta e. .5.

 

Bopy pynny, opauyux aeue upex ceo, npecmam pee ceo compyuu upu, axoec (paoae) ae. K oocc:

aep, eye peo op;

oepaop (oo aepa), cpye aee ceo coe pyy;

copy paceo py oea opaa pex opo, ooae poepa oop aey cey;

pao oea (po) cep p, opaye poeee cep oapo, caex a op, oaae eoxoy ocya yaca opo;

pao pecoo oea p, oaae eoxoy ocya p oope aex ceo cocae pex ooopo.

Kpoe oro, y pyy oo ae ooo poepo, ex pao pcycoa peo ae, o e ex paa a aee ceo.

pynny ompoupyux xo eeu mopa cocmam ocyapcme ouccap, a ae npecmaumeu up, Coaco aoy " oapx pax peo proe" ocyapce occap a pe ocyece eocpece opo a coee aooaeca pe pe . ooy o ee pao:

pcycoa a pex opax;

yacoa ox copax eo p ox copax eo ce (oeo, oee) p c pao coeaeoo ooca;

aoc c opae o eeoc p, a ce pooo copa acea opao ypae p x pee, o ce oeaoro xapaepa;

oc peoe ea pecae pyoocy p;

oc peoe Kocc o oap pa;

ocyec opo a coee pee Kocc o oap pa*.

* C.: ao P " oapx pax peo opoe" o 20 epa 1992 . C. 37. . 1, 2.

 

Kpoe ocyapceoro occapa xo peoo opa oy opopoa e peoro oea (coea), e Peoo occ, cap aep aa oea opaa opo p.

pynny aaux a eeue upeoo mopa cocmam a aaee ocm. B x coca ac pecae pecc (ocoo apeoae a pe paoe), a ae paoe ocee, e oye paa a aee ce, o ee pao a eoxooe yaae poepy, oey x opye.

Kaa pa oe caa opee py , oycaex peo a.

paa oaoc yaco peo opro opeec yppe opa oyea, pee ceo cao p paa peo opo, oope papaaac a ocoe aoa P " oapx pax peo opoe".

e poccuco moapo upu mo uuecue u puuecue ua, yacmyue opupoauu ee ycmaoo anumaa uo ocue ecue uu ue eee oc uyecmo upu. pe e p cooecye opy, peycopeoy ee ypee oyea.

Ha oapo pe oy e ameopuu eo:

oe e c pao a yace pex opax o cex cex (oeax, oeex) p;

eoe e c pao a yace pex opax cooecye ce (oee, oee) p.

Kpoe oo, oe eoe e oac pa oeco rooco a Oe copa eo p a ox co6pax eo ce (oeo, oee) p, oope ycaaac ee ypee oyea.

e p e eco a pe, aee pao caocoeoo ae ceo e ocpeo. Meco a pe o oe co (aa), oopyoa eeoo, eeaco, oepo c xoo a epooe opaooe ao p. Kaoe eco ee co oep. e p oy caa coe eco apey o ycaoe paa p.

apyea paa peycapae pye aerop eo p acoc o ee ceaa. Hapep, a aco oapo pe (CME) ec p a eca. o e CME oe opoa ce a oapo. Tax ec a pe o 1990 . 626. Kpoe oro, opo eca papea opro ocpao ao (912 ec), pe eca aa oooc opo eca a ooa (1287 ec)*.

* . : .. . .: , 1991. . 12.

 

K a, peey ca ea p, pec peoa ooe e aaa, a aocx apa .. Oao a CME coo ec opo e yy eo p. oo aaec ooop c pa-ea p. yac pex opax oo "eco a poa". o 200 eo CME ca co eca o aocoacoao ee py ec pec a*.

* . : .., .. : , , . .: , 1991. . 8.

 

epao ypo cpe yaco peo opo caec poep, oop ec cy eo ey pe ea.

p poee peoo opa poep ee pao:

y poa oap cooec c aao ea o coceoy ycope (ec o cyae aece epa);

e ey oeco oapa, peoeoo poa;

aoc c opae, acaec oapo, caex op;

ocooac ycya, oaae pe.

Oaoc poepa c:

pcyce ae o oe, oa oec oap, ae poa oy;

coee pa peo opo opeo p;

oee aao ea;

pecpa oyeaoe oopee aeo ce;

pecaee eoxoo opa o pex opax poepcy py (oopy), o a oopo o paoae a .

 


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