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8.3. ock peboo tobapa k topa

poecc opae oox eoce a cex oao apecppoax oox pax oe ocyecc oo c a e yaa, oope yceo po ceay pey poeypy, ecy o aae c, .e. yao ee cco. Bco oa eoxoo ec a ye c (cco) cooecye p co ee ya, o ec oaeo peoco oyca opoe a e. oa ooe p e oo e oyca ooe eoc, ocycye cax (ccax), poeccy opae cox oeex, o o cpaxo cax cypox ca aeopec apea apecppoa a x ea ocyec ae-o oepa c a eoc ae o ae . Bce ce c e ece pee c e yaa oea ocye coe ceo aco ope o ey ca yaca e oee p; p o pa e ece oeceoc a aeoc aooc ax ceo, a e oaax o ee pc e oeax p a e paa ooe.

c opex o ex ya, .e, a x oe pex ccax, o cyecy, oaae papeee a yace x opax ae ce pe, oop aeec a a ea yaa, ye aecoaa peo opoe. C c peco pe ao poae aao e oa oc co a e e ya e e pee c; o ee a o pao, oopoe oce e oaeo peaa. Te e eee pea opo pepaaec ooe peaeoe epope, ooy, a pao, ouco oa cea cpec paec co ee ya a ao-o oo ae ecox pax pax. po oy cya opeeee peyeca, eae peaa aoo paa a pae.

pee ceo poecc opae oox eoce pocxo o oco opoe eocpeceo peypyec cao pe, oopa a opao peoxpae aaee a e ce o oe a x eeo oeeca oyopee. o po coo apeaeoc, .e. ooc peaa a pe, oeoy ypo oc ex ya, a ae ooceo caoc e a x.

ecop, oya ee ya, ee opoa c p, oe yepe o, o coe peypo e ocoepy coepeey opa o oa-ee pe ee ex ya. O oyae a opao oooc oe epce ooecoo pa ea aeco eo ex ya. oyae (ae) ex ya, poex c ex poy opoy, a pao, e peyeco peeppoa o x oeceee o cpae c e yaa ao opo e e. Ta opao, oo yepa, c ecop, pe o cpeca o ecee c ooe eoc, aoaec popeae o aop cex cpec a, peaae oo pa. Oao ooa pa e apapye cay oxooc ec ee ya oa, poex .

e p ecoex o o ece cox ex ya pee c oox p ea ca . Ta, o oya ya oy ecoc oypoc (ac) cpe , ax cepe ec. Ka pao, a, acoe cy ca poep pae eoxoo coaac aac oco a oe yc a x ex ya ex oa, oope oea oao a peoe o ece ax ya pee c xo a oo oao apecppoao pe. Kopoa a a pe ooe oa a ycoe o a pe. pa o ccea oep poo cooc a. p ooe c oa oea x ao opaec a ypcoy poy cooc a, a e a y, aacoy, oopa y ax oa, a pao, e. c pe cpa ec ocoae peocae oa opeeex, oee cyecex co p aooooe. aoe, oa, coco ax cax, a pao, ee ae oc oep pacooe ao acox cyo cyax ooe y x opeoc aax peax, a ae oeae oa paeee ox yco oa, oeppyex ccoe (coe) a.

Ta opao, c o ccea oep pa, oopa coae aoee aope yco opaoaoo pa, ooe aoee aee aecee ee ya cococye .

B ae cpae c oa e oaae co-y aeoo a oey aeca eo ya, a c o pe ecopa, a oey ea, c o pe apepa. Oao ce ae opax oyeax yoac ee ya, ee poy opoy, .e, oyee opa a pe. Bece c e ceye oe, o pae poecca ca a oeeceo ooo pe eo cooecye poo pae. B aoe 0 pe ex ya oeaec, o c pooc oo pa cooec c ee .

poeypa ca a pe oa oecea:

coae pax oooce yaco opo x eo p oye opa, oopa oa pacpac cooec c paa ca eca ex ya;

coepeeoe cee cca ex ya, poex c, ypax cooece ycaoe peoa;

eoxoe ep, peopaae aypoae ea.

Bpeeoe ooeue o peoaux, peex opauaopa opou a pe ex ya, yepeoe ocaoeue eepao ouccuu o py ex ya eape 1996 ., opeee, o p pae ycaaa c epoo opoo ypoe. p o a c epoo ypo oe peeoa o e, a a c opoo ypo a e, a yac po.

poeypa ca ( epoo opoo ypoe) oa a ceye a:

peape;

cepa;

coaee o ce;

oepae ca;

ec.

peape a aaec o, o pa paaae peoa, peee ey eo e yaa.

B cooec c Bpee ooee peoa ycaaac epoo opoo ypoe ca. ac peoa ec oe yx ypoe, o ac peoa paaec.

O peoa c:

1.ee ya o ye apecppoa cooec c peoa aooaeca Poccco eepa opa oyea.

2. Oe o oax yca ex ya oe apecppoa ycaoeo ope.

3. ee ya o cooo opaae.

4. Hae opoo ccee a ocoo ocoe opoo e eee e yx ape-eepo.

5. a aoepx oec: o ae aepecoax oo axoc e oee 60\% oocyx a aoepoo oeca.

6. e ex ya pa oaeco o coe ycaoex aoa pe peoa o pacp opa opeeex ope oee.

K peoa, e o, ooc:

1. Koeco aoepo yaco oeca oo epoo ypo e eee 1000, opoo e eee 500.

2. Paep coceoo aaa ea ex ya oe coca epoo ypo e eee 10 K, opoo e eee 6 . K,

3 . Cpo cyecoa ea, ee ya poxo c, oe epoo ypo e eee 3 e 2 e opoo ypo,

Kpoe oo, oepa opoaoo ca aece ooeoo peoa opaaop opo ycaaae a oe poa ex ya ea cpee a ec o oa aoo oeoo oyo . aa oe ca epoo ypo e oe eee 40 . K, opoo 20 c. K.

aopo ca cyae e yac opo (ae), oop oae ceoe aee a p pye ycaoee oye, eoxoe p pee o oye e-x ya opa.

Ka pao, pecac ypeee oye, cpaa o oaeo ycao aae, o poea cc ycaoeoo aoo opaa, ec aoepoe oeco yopye oee ooo oa ec paopeeo pyoo pecoo a, ooeo pecac yxaepc aac oe o pacpeee p a oce aco o, aepe eac ayopa. Ka pao, pa ocae a coo pao peoa o ea peocae pyx oyeo opa, eoxoo poee cepo oe oyca ex ya opoe.

aee yac po oae oce oaoe c peoa, pee pe. O ocoac a ax peoax, ycaoex Bpee ooee.

Bopo a oc aae (). Eo cy coco o, o pa coce ca ( poee cep oyeo, pecaex eo yaco po, oppye opoa oe (oe ca), a pecaee p, yaco opo eacx cepo) ca peex ayopcx p poo pe (ycaaae oey aeca) a ex ya, a x ea. oo aoo aa ec ee ex ya opoa c yeoee o o ae.

p oae o e ex ya opoa c pa yeoe ae c oocoae p oaa.

Coaee o ce opeec oaoc copo: ae p. pa epe a ce oaeco oepa po ex ex ya, oope e opoa c ce ee x peypo yyc epoeco oepoccco eao a c pao e eee 50 c. epo, a ae pacpocpaec ycaoeo ope cpe yaco opo.

e oyc peoca pe oe o peyaax coe eeoc.

oepae ca aaec oe copoa ycaoex oaec yae aee ycaoex oco.

ec o cee ex ya opoaoo ca p. Oo oe pooc o cey pa:

aee yaca opo o ce ex ya opoaoo ca;

pe peypy opao pee o pa yca ex ya ecococ;

cyee cy pee cya o eeceoc yca ex ya;

a ea ex ya;

ceee cpoo ayca ex ya opae epe py;

eoee aee coae o ce;

ecooece oaaee eeoc ea ycaoe peoa e opoa c.

poeypa eca ee eco apyeo pae.

C e a epeco ecopo pa oe peeo acea c ee ya aoepoo oeca opoooo ca. paa oyca a opopa opoe, ecy a H-opco ooo pe, a e apeec pao pocao opoy a oa ooe c ee ca opyxc, ec oc ocoeca, oope coe peopo coe ocaoo ocoae p aoo poa ep. O oy p o ooe pa, oea ce oece peoa, o e eaopoe acooe cocoe, ocoy apoco oa o yap o peya p, e opoac ee a.

Cyecy p op peeoo pepae opo a pe:

ocpoa aaa opo o op opo pa oe paa peepa caacpoa aa a oyy poay e ca opee oee cpaey ey, ec o aoy-o y a ocyo eoao ouoe oeco aao a oyy poay;

epep opoe oec oe pe, o coo ay-o ay ooc;

pocaoa opo a oy cecc oee coyec, oa yo pe, o paopac ao- ao co, p apye oae coae o ce o ycpae aoo apye p pee o ece ex ya oa-ea.

p oyce peo opoe ex ya epa peay po pa pee . O c yepca aa, x eeoc pacpocpaec a ocyecee aocx oepa, a opo e yaa, xpaee ypaee e yaa. a, aac oooo oyea a oyc, pae a ce pyooco o ocyece o poeyp. pepe-e oo pocyecoa o pae epe p oa, pee e oo coe oa xoaaco o oyce cox ex ya oao opoe a pe. Bece c oae xoaaca oa pecaea oao aepea ca opooo peecpa, oce pecpa ycaa, a ae ooe aac oaa a p oa eeoc.

cc oa oca peooeo ypcoo cooc paepe 2,5 eex apo. oecee ocaooo ypo cpoca a a, oyc oopx peycapaec, eoxoo paec a pe o pae epe 25\% ycaoo aaa. ee ya o cooo opaac a pe, ooy x eee o ococy oo ya opeoc peo opo, a eaoe oopee aeo o aca.

poep cooec apaepa yca ex ya ycaoe pep, a ae ocooo aaa ecox aec ex ya a pax coa ceae oe. aacy ao oe oc aae oea ca, oop apaeo peae ceye aa: ocyece cepy cooec oaaee, yaax ae ea, opa pep, ycaoe pe, oc co peoea.


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