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1.4. ph cob bopoeh pebo topob b pocc b 1990-1991 .

Coae pex cyo Pocc aae 90-x oo o o eoxox yco pa pox ooe.

oppoae poo oo opeoao opeo epecpo a cep pooca, a cep opae. Ho cpay epe po opa xocoa o eooo, ooy, ececeo, Pocc o oy ae ooece cpyyp, oope oecea poecc epexoa o acpao poo ooe, pcocaa eec opaaoe cpyyp o yco coaa coepeo oe. p, oe aae 90-x oo, oe epe o y po.

Teopeece paece oco peo po Pocc yco copeeoc ocycoa. Oao ec o o peoy ey Pocc o 1917 ., 20-e o, a ae poo o eeoc p.

ooy paa peoo ea coaaac e a yco ece. eoc oee oae ee y p, exaa poee opo, opaa peoo . B o cce oo oop, o p opaa peo opo Pocc ce-a pcycoao ooecoe aea ea ooeca cce, e aca o ox cpa, o ooeco . o o, o cyecye, oa ee eco y-poaa oapo, .e. eo a aapa, pap, ayoa, eca cpe poao oyaee.

Opaaoo opoee peo opo o aco oooeo cceo ayoo opo pooce pecypca, oopa oya opeeeoe pae 1988-1989 .

Bepe ae cpae cooe e oc a ayox opax poeo poy, poaaeo o oepec ea eppopa opaa occaa CCC ae pc aooo aepao-execoo cae pe oe aypaoo oea. ooy ycox ooecoo xaoca epe poe peo opo opepoac a opaa apepx oeo.

K pa peo po oaao ae cepxopax ecoyex aaco, ope coc oy pee a caax pep. ocee aepecoac peo opoe a oooc peaoa x o po ea. He e ya oo, o coeca ooa a poe ox ece a ooo ea, .e. ee cpoc oco pea oapoe peoee a cpec pooca, a pee opee. o eex oxoo epe acoo-pey ccey pepaac aoee pyx acox pecypco pep ope ecoyex cpec oo pa pooca, coaoo pa p. pep, oy cooy cooa x cpec, ca oooc x pee.

oee pex cpyyp oc o apae oe ox eex pecypco. Te oee, o p coe oce coaac a aoepe oeca, epo x pacea a p oo o oo poa py a opaa o oee coo ee, pe a p ypee p a oaac o oay Ceya opo eco a pax (a, eca) poeaa.

peo poecc Pocc 1990-1991 . oaeoac ooee pyx pex cpyyp, ax, a: ococa apa pa. eyapoa yepcaa pa opx pecypco, Bcepoccca pa eoc, Poccca oapo-cpea pa, pa epec, pa ayoex exoo, eaece, ee, ece, yae, pooocee p. Coppoac peoae, oace, opoce paoe pee oec. K aay 1992 . Pocc oaaac o oecy p, pxoxc a yy acee, a epo ece pe. Oee oeco apecppoax Pocc oapx p peao x oee oeco o ce ocao pe. B oo oce x o ooo aa.

Cya eac ece 1992 ., oa poe ooe oxa poecc eoopaoa a ce oap. Copaoc co pex ceo, yeoc oeco oapx p. pea opo epecaa ece eoop coo pa, oa aaa pac oy, o aa eo o eco, oopoe pcye e o cex cpaax c pao poo ooo. apoaec epc po. pa oceeo oaaec o e cocex ee ppoe ceo c a oapo.

Ocoe p yaa peo po oapa oy 1993 oaa a. 1.2.

Oeo epo opo a pyex pocccx pax a x yepcaoc, oa oopeeo a eppop oo p coepac oepa oape, ooe. Koeco p, ayo p opo, peo apep, poaa ex eocepx ap oapo ycy ocoe ep, pcye oo peo ccee Pocc aaa 90-x oo, ca c eoo ooeco cyae, coec e o.

Bopoee peo opo Pocc pooo a ocoe ocyapceo coceoc, ocoy a coceoc a ocoo e o. ocee poecc peopaoa ocyapceo coceoc oe coceoc p. Boy ocyapceo coceoc, p ca pepac aaaop poecca ee peopaoa acy. B c c e o yca aa p coco acox pecypco x ocyapcex cpyyp, a ae eex cpec acx pecx , o ye e e xapaep occoceoc, a a p peca coo e poe cpyyp, ecye a co cpax pc e ypaee ocyapce opaa.

Coaac apaocaa cya, oa ocyapco peyae oep ypaeoc ooo a e o coceo coe e . ocyapcee pep opaa poecce o p cy aec aece ocpeo, .e. ea, paopaeo c ey coceo eo coceoc. pooea oceye o paa ocyapcex pep, peopaoae x aoepe oeca oceeo oca ce a co eca.

 

Taa 1.2

 

Ocoe p yaa peo oapo opo

ee cepe

 

ocyapceoo peypoa

 

oapoo opae

 

peoo eca

 

Beee aooae-

 

Pae epex o-

Opooe oeco

 

x opae a e-

 

apx ocpeo (op-

 

oyppyx p

 

eoc oapx

 

ox oo, oa,

 

 

 

p 1992,

 

p)

 

Koype co copo-

 

 

 

 

 

peoo ooo-

 

oee cooe aoo-

 

Bcoa 1992-1994 .

 

o aoo po

 

ooee peo e-

 

 

 

 

 

eoc o cpae-

 

 

 

aee ooeco

 

c o oepec-

 

Heoxooc cop

 

eoc pe-

 

o eeoc

 

oxoo ceo c e

 

x apx po o

 

 

 

yxoa o ya aoo

 

cpae c epe-

 

Heocaooc ocy-

 

 

 

o opoe

 

apceoo peypo-

 

Kpaa oeca

 

 

 

a opocax pace-

 

 

 

 

 

o oca oapo

 

aee pooca

 

 

 

 

 

Ooaeoe papyee

 

 

 

 

 

epaoaoo opa-

 

 

 

 

 

e pacpeee o

 

 

 

 

 

apo

 

 

 

poecc caoe pox ooe a ocyapcex pepx opaax pocxo, a pao, co ye epexoa ocyapceo coceoc aoepy p oeceaxc ocaax eex cpec; acoe pecypc epepacpeec aoepe oeca peoo a, pye poe cpy.

Pae pox ooe eooo e ee o aope oo. pooco oapo, x peaa o y pepaee. pea eeoc e ooa, o-epx, e ooo opa paoo opo cae, o-opx, e ocpeeco, peo eeoc, opa epo opaoo yopoa oo ec ocaoo p coooaae ae. ooy ec epoaao apo coca peo apoac a x apax coacecx opaa ypee, o aee pea eeoc caa ooac opoo oypoc cpe ooe. B-pex, pepaece ap ooc a ce oyeax eo, aaxc pepaeco ycox ococa ocyapceo .

Pae peoo ea opaec a cooecye apoae ap. epoaao ce pea ocoo o apye oooc cpoo ooae a ce yax ocpeecx oepa a pe. Cya aoaa ece ooe xopa, oa c e pocac a oc ooa aee a eo oe cpo paoae, ec oee. Oa ecoo yax ceo o pec co oxo poepy, a ea paa pa, a a. B peaoc eo oe eo, a ocoa acca pex ocpeo oaaac ocaoo cpoo.

pea opo paaac ycox ooeco ecaoc, caa pooca. ooy o oepeco ocoeo p-eo eeoc popea eca pcoa xapaep. pe e xye ooeca cya, e ecaee e aee apaoo a pe.

Bopoee peo eeoc pocxoo ocyce cooecye aooaeo a, .e. e cyecoao ax-o opae apeo a opaa p, x yopoae, cooae aao ..

B 1992 . p ao P oapx upax u upeo ooe, peycapa opo ocyapcex opao a eeoc p, a aoe cyecoae opae a ee x a-ao.

O yco opoe peo eeoc Pocc ceye ca ocyce a pax op oapoo opae, a eocaooc pacpyyp pa oepeco opa. eae o cooe eee cpeca y y py pey eeoc o eoo po oo, opepoac a peay coe pye.

Kopee ooece oece yco ae cpae aae 90-x oo, c oo copo, pe eca coeopaoy pa p, c pyo copo, e opa ox oco cyecoa, yopoa pa peoo ea. Bece c pae pa caoee ox poocex ooe p ye po p ao: opoee, cp poc, ca peo aoc, peopaa. ee peco eea cya a pox ycox. Haoe co o peo eeoc, e aa ooa apoax apo, apaoao ocyapceoe aooaeco, paaec eop peoo ea.

Pae peo eeoc coae aope yco ocpax ec pee ceo paaoe pep, aoepe oeca.

C yeo ee ooe peypoa peoo ea p oy oepe a, oee o o ope, aoe, peopaoa. K acoey pee oe coax 1990-1992 p ye poac. paoe opae oype c oee c opaa oca ee p eooe ooee o ooe py. ooee oee py pa o opoe apaee yopoe peo opo.

Tpe y o pepaee p pye oepece cpyyp: opoe oa, opoe acoe oa .

eepe apaee peopaoa p o x epepopoae, oa coae epoaao a oape p aa poa e yaa, epc opaa, .e. yopy a ooe epce p. epecee apae pecae a. 1.3.

Taa 1.3

Hapae aeeo pa peo opo peopaoa p Pocc

 

Coepecoae peo eeoc

 

pepaee p o epee cpyyp

 

epexo a opo: epc opaa opopa e yaa ocyapce e yaa a eoc

Coae pecaec ocpax p Pocc

Ceaa a ax apaex peo pacpyyp (paceoe, eoapoe ocyae ..)

pyee p, x ce ooee

 

Peopaa p : poe oa oa ep opa oyp po

ooe epepopoae a pye oepeco eeoc

 

Ha aao 1997 . aece oapx p cc apecppoa ooo co p, yopoa a ooe opa aa, a ae o apecppoao oce ax p.

KEBE COBA

opauoa po

ep opauoaoo pa

u opauoaoo pa

upea opo

ep peo opou

epca opo

KOHTPOHE BOPOC

1 . Kae p cac opaoa?

2. epece ocoe ep opaoaoo pa,

3. Ha ae p ec opaoae p acoc o:

a opyeoo aa;

ypo opaoaoc;

pocxoe;

op opo,

4. .

5. epece ocoe a o peo .

6. ae ocoe p opoe peo po.

7. B ax ycox pocxoo opoee p 1990-1991 .?

8. ae ocoe p yaa peo opo.

9. epece op coepecoa pacopa peo opo.

 


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